Basic Essay Writing Guidelines For Beginner Students

Basic Essay Writing Guidelines For Beginner Students

1. What is an essay?

In today’s education-centered atmosphere, all students are expected to master the principles of essay writing during their time in school. It makes no difference if they wish to continue their education by enrolling in college or university – essays are an unavoidable component of any sort of study, even the most elementary. To begin, let us define the term “essay.”

An essay is a relatively small piece of writing that is devoted to a specific subject and field of study, as well as having a distinct and unique concentration in academic writing. It is grouped into various categories, but each category must follow a consistent set of requirements governing academic language, formatting, and content quality.

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2. What is the goal and significance of essay writing?

An essay’s purpose is to educate a specific audience, such as professors, students, or anyone else who is interested in the subject at hand. There are numerous various types of essays, and each one focuses on a certain subject. It is not required for it to be strictly academic in nature, especially if the author is inexperienced with the essay writing process.

For instance, you may like to share your personal views on how the world might look in 50 years, and as long as your work adheres to recognized academic norms, the professor will regard it as a legitimate academic essay. Essays might be personal, scientific, or anything else; nonetheless, regardless of the type of essay, the fundamental guidelines and the essay’s aim, which is to inform the reader, remain the same.

We invite your thoughts on why writing has grown so important, to the point that you cannot graduate without completing a good dozen academic-level essays. The solution is very straightforward: by writing a paper, you acquire critical skills and knowledge that will serve you well throughout your life.

Each of us have an own set of abilities. While some children thrive in mathematics, others rapidly forget even the most elementary calculations after they leave the classroom. While some people like books, others struggle to recollect the names of the characters from the novel they recently finished. On the other hand, those obtained through essay writing remain with you for the remainder of your life, regardless of circumstance.

To begin, essay writing helps students enhance their critical thinking abilities. Whatever basic or intimate subject you choose, writing a paper about it will nonetheless accomplish the purpose of enlightening your readers. To be successful in this pursuit, you must first develop some persuasive skills, which arise when you strive to defend and promote your point of view. To accomplish this, you must consider how to communicate your topic in the most enticing manner possible, what to say to persuade your audience, and other pertinent elements. Some of us are born with a natural ability for persuading, and the more essays you write, the stronger your abilities will become. It is a long and nearly imperceptible process, but if you compare your critical thinking abilities prior to essay writing to those abilities months or years later, you will surely see a noticeable improvement in your ability to think critically.
Second, writing academic papers instills confidence in your capacity to communicate effectively. Because nearly every subject requires essay writing, you will be exposed to a diverse selection of topics throughout your studies. As a result, you are required to conduct scholarly study in order to gain a more complete understanding of your subject and to use scholarly materials as evidence. Much of what you learn will compel you to reconsider your opinion on some subjects, even to the point of changing your worldview in certain cases. You will gain new knowledge, reconsider some of your preconceived notions, and may perhaps discover something surprising about your own nature.
Finally, essay writing helps develop the ability to express one’s opinions logically and rationally. While it is possible to achieve nothing if you make no effort, the majority of teachers anticipate continuous progress from their students and teach them how to do so. If you compare your older and new works, you’re sure to see how much your writing style has improved over time.
All of these components are beneficial at all stages of life. Sharp critical thinking talents, novel ideas, and the ability to articulate your thoughts succinctly are highly valued in both the professional and personal arenas. Essay writing is a process that gradually but steadily develops each individual.

3. Various forms of essays.

What types of essays are available? There is much variation, each serving a particular purpose. By clicking on the links below, you may learn about ten of the most common kinds and the components that make them up.

  • Essay defending a position. This style of writing necessitates the selection of a point of view, the proof of its validity, the evaluation of possible counter-arguments, and the rebuttal of those counter-arguments. All four components must be completed in order to earn a passing mark on your essay. The objective here is to convince your audience to agree with you, even if they are initially skeptical, by offering as many facts as possible.
  • Persuasive essay prepared for the purpose of persuasion. Similar to the argumentative style, but with a more plain presentation. You are not required to dispute the opposing viewpoint here, though you may do so if you like. Persuasive essays need you to take a viewpoint and demonstrate why you believe it is correct. While you should incorporate particular information into your presentation, you should also consider appealing to your audience’s emotional side. Persuasive essays might be regarded of as a kinder, gentler version of argumentative essays.
  • A narrative essay. This personality type is the most inventive. You will describe a story about a true or hypothetical situation in this section. The objective is to illustrate how something meaningful occurred and to assess it emotionally, emphasizing feelings and experiences above facts.
  • Essay on a certain subject. You must describe a notion or an event when writing this type of essay. There is no requirement for in-depth analysis or personal connection while providing an objective, impersonal description of anything.
  • Essay examining the causes and consequences of events. This part must contain an explanation of what occurred, why it occurred, and how it occurred. To begin, identify and document a phenomenon, such as underage drinking. Following that, outline what caused it and the effects.
  • Essay on the writing process. Furthermore, this essay is dispassionate and objective. With it, you just describe how something is done step by step, chronologically. You could, for instance, elaborate on a recipe. The technique is described using the terms “Step 1, Step 2, Step 3, and so on.”
  • This is an informative essay. This essay form is occasionally referred to as a critical thinking essay. This section will require you to conduct research and then analyze the data you acquired before drawing a conclusion based on your findings.
  • Contrast and compare two things in an essay. To create an essay in this manner, you’ll need at least two themes. It could be a work of art, a piece of literature, or anything else comparable. Create a list of the differences and similarities between the two. Along with the answers, an explanation of the differences and similarities between them will be supplied.
  • Essay on the topic of evaluation. To evaluate something, you should first find something to evaluate, such as an article, book, speech, or film. This assessment must be regarded seriously. Bear in mind that this is not a book or film review for a casual book or film website; rather, it is an academic article. Decisions should be based on facts, not personal feelings, and they should be adequate and rational.
  • Essay in support of your application. The persuasive essay is one of the most crucial essay genres. You must submit an application when applying to a college or university. Your application will be accepted or denied based on the quality of your writing. In most cases, you will be needed to demonstrate why you should be accepted by describing your personal and educational accomplishments, characteristics, and interests, in addition to your credentials.

4. The Basic Essay’s Structure.

It is irrelevant how many distinct varieties of essays exist; they all adhere to the same set of ideas. The first and most critical guideline is a structural one. Consider the following list and keep in mind that each essay, whether semi-formal and personal or formal and scientific, must incorporate all of these characteristics.

  • Introduction. The beginning should be between one and two paragraphs in length, depending on the essay’s length. It is a critical component of your work since it helps readers to determine whether or not to continue reading. This part introduces your topic by defining it, offering background information, and explaining why it is significant. Make your first sentence more fascinating by providing a hook—something out of the ordinary, such as a rhetorical question or a stunning truth. There is no need for lengthy explanations or analysis here; simply provide enough basic facts to maintain your audience’s interest.
  • Thesis Statement. This is a critical section of any essay. Because many students have a misconception about what a thesis statement is, it is vital to emphasize what it should and should not contain. The thesis statement, as the final sentence of the introduction, presents an argumentative assertion that is backed up by evidence. It should offer your unique perspective on the issue and include a summary of the significant information that will be presented in the body of your paper. However, the thesis statement should not contain the phrases “in this paper” or “I will discuss…” To begin, have a look at the statement itself. Make an assertion that you intend to substantiate with evidence and that some individuals may find offensive.
  • Body. This is the heart and soul of your paper, its fundamental structure. Each paragraph should focus on a single fact from the thesis statement, preferably in the sequence in which the facts appear in the thesis statement. Create an introduction statement that briefly describes the subject that will be discussed in the next paragraph. To be effective, it must be closely related to the thesis statement. Following that, introduce your facts and the evidence that supports them. Conclude the paragraph with a conclusion sentence that provides a logical relationship with the following paragraph or summarizes the previous paragraph’s content. Bear in mind that a paragraph’s maximum length should not exceed 200 words, or around two-thirds of the entire page.
  • Conclusion. In this case, exercise caution. It is preferable to avoid using new knowledge. Summarize all you’ve said thus far in the essay’s body. It is required to rephrase the thesis statement. Conclude your research with a conclusion statement that summarizes your investigation’s primary discovery.

5. How to Create an Outline for an Essay and How to Complete It

Many students believe that an outline is redundant and time-consuming and should be avoided. This may be true for people with extraordinary essay-writing ability; yet, the outline is extremely beneficial for the great majority of pupils. Your intended major points and sub-points can be listed in this document using the table of contents. Thus, if you feel bewildered during the writing process, the plan will function as a guide to help you regain your bearings. You have the ability to visualize your plans and stay on track. A semi-formal or even a casual outline is allowed as long as it is understandable to you and does not clash with your professor’s requirement that the paper be submitted with an outline.

Therefore, what is the best method to conclude it?

  • Choose an interesting subject. When you’ve decided on a topic for study, divide it into sections. What minor piece of background information will you emphasize? This section should be included in the introduction. Most importantly, begin immediately composing your thesis statement. Determine the total number of components. Consider the following thesis statement for a process essay: To offer the best care possible for an adopted pet, it is vital to provide suitable circumstances, spend time with it, and pay special attention to its unique demands. This section is divided into three steps or sections. If desired, you may include one or two more sections on why individuals choose to adopt pets and/or why pets have unique needs. On average, this means that your essay will have between three and five body paragraphs.
  • Paragraphs within the body should be highlighted. If desired, body paragraphs can be grouped into a detailed outline. For instance, begin with an introduction line, then discuss the central fact from the thesis statement, followed by a concluding sentence. If you want a more condensed framework, simply emphasize the paragraph’s main point or the primary point of contention in your introduction.
  • Complete the essay with a conclusion that ties everything together. This section should contain your concluding statement, which should reflect the essay’s purpose. However, you should avoid verbatim repetition of your thesis.

That is all! You have completed your outline. When you look at the essay now, the essay’s skeleton should be obvious, shouldn’t it? It will assist you in maintaining focus and direction throughout the writing process. However, if something does not feel right, make no attempt to change it. Bear in mind that an argumentative, synthesis or informational essay’s outline is not rigid. They are merely intended to give you an idea of the appearance of your final document.

6. How to Choose a Research Paper Topic

Finding an essay topic is the most time-consuming and hardest phase in the entire writing process. The best advice is to write about something you’re actually passionate about, something that piques your curiosity. Making a personal investment pays off in the majority of circumstances because it ensures that you’ll approach the essay with excitement and a genuine desire to see results. Prior to agreeing on a topic, prepare by brainstorming and taking notes.

Consider the following scenario: you’ve been given an argumentative essay but are at a loss for a topic. Consider the last time you had a disagreement with your parents or friends. Perhaps you and a friend were embroiled in an argument in the YouTube comment section or on Tumblr’s discussion board. What was the topic of conversation? If it aroused strong emotional reactions in you, it could be a wonderful research topic!

When you are constrained by your professor’s expectations or the requirements of your degree, things become a little more difficult. Combining two dissimilar hobbies, such as a passion for the television show Hannibal and a passion for literature, can be challenging. This does not, however, rule out the prospect of success! By bending the subject, you can tailor it to your needs. For instance, you may discuss the books upon which the show is based, or you could discuss a favorite book of one of the characters. Even the most uninteresting subject may be turned exciting with sufficient passion!

There is no reason to be alarmed if you are unable to come up with anything. Utilize Google to determine what is fashionable and current. Numerous websites offer a selection of essay topics; thus, have a look at their services. You are practically going to come across a subject that interests you sooner or later. After you’ve completed that, the next step is as follows.

  • Conduct research to decide the viewpoint you will take and whether or not there are sufficient credible sources available to support your position.
  • If your subject remains too broad, you should narrow it. Bear in mind that in order to attain the best results, you must narrow your focus to something incredibly exact.
  • If required, confirm it with an instructor. You will be able to ensure that your boss supports you and that your activities do not result in unpleasant surprises.

7. Step-by-Step Essay Writing Instructions

While mastering the art of essay writing is an important talent, it may be intimidating at times. There is a great deal to remember, and far too many minor details are easily neglected or forgotten. To minimize any confusion, we’ve produced an essay writing guide that will walk you through all of the necessary steps and processes based on the prior suggestions.

  • Examine the prompt that was provided to you. Even if each student is assigned the same essay, each one will be unique, so consider how you will approach it differently.
  • Select a topic that is specific to the prompt. Decide what you want to discuss or research.
  • Conduct research. Consider what others have to say about this subject. It will aid you in deciding which perspective to take.
  • Investigate reputable sources. This is crucial, especially if you don’t want to spend hours on the internet seeking to find proof to support your position. Credible sources include articles published in peer-reviewed academic journals, books that have been professionally published, and websites having domains such It is critical to keep in mind that sources should not be older than five to seven years.
  • Make a statement about your paper’s thesis. Consider your paper’s subject and build a central assertion for it.
  • Create a thorough outline. For additional information, please refer to the section above.
  • Make a rough draft. This is absolutely optional, but it may prove beneficial in determining whether you are content with the path your essay is taking.
  • After you’ve completed writing your essay, return to it and revise it. At this point, there is no reason to be cautious about shifting, removing, or adding ideas; this is still permitted.
  • Verify that the essay is free of errors. It is unavoidable that some errors and omissions will occur. Read everything aloud to yourself or a friend to confirm that it is accurate.
  • Include all running titles, margins, and page numbers, as well as any other formatting components that may be required.
  • Ascertain that there is no plagiarism. Have you cited all non-original information? Have you plagiarized something without giving credit to the original author?
  • Make final adjustments if plagiarism is identified. Once you have completed all of the preceding procedures, you are ready to submit your paper.

8. Suggestions for Effective Writing

The remaining rules for effective essay writing are covered in the following suggestions for effective essay writing, and they apply to all types and sizes of papers. Bear these points in mind and make it a point to adhere to them whenever you begin working on academic tasks.

  • Avoid using personal pronouns and contractions. The only exception to this rule is if the assignment clearly necessitates the fabrication of a fictional story or reflection, or if the professor expressly permits it. Otherwise, avoid using pronouns such as “I,” “we,” “our,” and “us.” Utilize the word “these days” rather than “in our days.” When appropriate, substitute “will not” for “won’t” and “are not” for “aren’t” in contractions. Even if your subject is more personal than intellectual, you should maintain a formal writing style throughout your research and writing process.
  • Avoid phrasal verbs and use the passive voice sparingly. These are also critical academic language rules to remember. Because phrasal verbs are informal, they should be avoided in all types of writing. Consider what you might be able to do in their place. The same is true for passive voice. You will not be able to completely avoid it, but you should make every effort to avoid it.
  • Make paragraph transitions as fluid as feasible. Utilize linking words and appropriate finishing sentences throughout your work. As a result, the terms “furthermore,” “in addition,” “thus,” and other similar expressions are employed to logically connect ideas. They should, however, not be used excessively. They work well near the conclusion of sentences.
  • Consider the evidence you’ve obtained with care. Avoid cramming all of your information into a single paragraph. A sandwich format that works well is as follows: make a claim, substantiate it with evidence from a credible source, and then explain how it works from a broader perspective to make your point.
  • After you’ve completed the essay’s body, compose the introduction and conclusion. Even if this strategy does not work for everyone, it may be a viable alternative for you. After you’ve completed the essay’s skeleton, it may be easier to write the introduction and conclusion, as you’ll already have all of the relevant material.
  • Begin writing immediately. Even if you only write one portion every day, if you do it consistently, you will be able to complete the task before the deadline. You’ll have more time to re-read and edit it, and the process will look to be significantly less time-consuming than if you produced the entire essay in one sitting.

9. Essay Formatting and Layout.

Another fundamental essay writing requirement is that it should be properly formatted. Each essay must follow a precise academic formatting style, which varies by discipline and/or professor preference. The following section will discuss the four most prevalent.

  • MLA. Because this document lacks a title page, you should create a heading in the document’s left upper corner that includes your name, subject, and date. Following that, you should immediately start writing an essay. It is preferable to add page numbers in a running title that contains your surname, like in the following: Initials and surname 1. Margins on all sides should be one inch. Citations within the text should be formatted as follows: the author’s surname followed by the page number containing the information. As an example: (Carrol 24). After concluding the essay, create a “Works Cited” page in which you list all of the sources used in the paper.
  • APA. Create a title page with a running title. The title of your paper should be in the left-hand corner, and the page number should be in the right-hand corner. Additionally, repeat the essay’s title in the middle of the first page, this time centering it on the page. Include your name and the organization for which you work. Additionally, this style employs 1-inch margins. In-text citations should provide the author’s surname, the date the source was created, and, if you have directly quoted something, the page number: (2014) (Williamson, p. 33). At the conclusion of the project, create a list of “References.”
  • Chicago/Turabian. In this scenario, a title page is required. Type the paper’s title (in all caps) slightly below the page’s center; include your name, subject, and date in the page’s center. The page number should be in the upper right corner, and all text should have 1-inch margins. This style requires the use of footnotes for in-text citations; consequently, search online for footnote templates or ask your professor for one. At the conclusion, a “Bibliography” section should list all sources consulted.
  • Harvard. A title page is required. Assure that your essay’s title (in all caps) is in the center of the page. Leave a few lines blank and then type your name, the course, the professor’s name, the university’s name, the city, and the date in the proper spots. A running head is also required: in the right top corner, type your paper’s title, add a few spaces, and then type the page number in the bottom right corner. It should be titled “Book Review 1.” Additionally, this takes advantage of the one-inch margins. Citations within the text should be formatted as follows: (Soyer 2018, p. 26). The sources must be cited in a “Reference List” at the conclusion of the work.